(Hard wax, Brazilian wax,
Pine rosin is used in production of different sticky waxes. In this article I provide the most common recipes for making depilatory wax that is also known as hard wax, Brazilian wax or stripless wax.
All about Hard Wax (Depilatory Wax, Brazilian Wax)
Hard wax is a depilatory wax that does not require a strip of fabric or special paper for pulling. It is applied to the skin at warm/ hot temperature and can be pulled after a few seconds when it cools down but it is still flexible. Many women use hard wax to remove some facial hair at home. Most of depilatory waxing however is performed by professionals and skilled beauticians in spas and beauty salons. Depending on the part of skin being waxed the process may be called lip waxing, eyebrow waxing, bikini waxing or whole body waxing that is very common among models, actors, dancers, swimmers and others. Making hard-wax is relatively easy and can be done at home or office as long as proper ventilation is available.
Hardwax is made by melting and mixing pine rosin and beeswax at their melting temperature using proper equipment and precautions.
Caution: Pine rosin and beeswax are combustible materials and they can catch fire when they come in contact with an open flame or a very hot surface. Use an electric stove (hot plate) as your heating source and control the heat so that the materials will not boil and will not smoke. Make sure you have proper ventilation. Do not leave the melting materials unattended even for a moment. Negligence can cause boiling, overflowing and fire.
Tools and equipment
- Electric stove or hot-plate, 1000-Watt
- One-gallon stainless steel pot with spout (for pouring)
- weighing scale (Balance scale or digital scale are preferred.)
- Long spoon for stirring.
- Silicon mold or aluminum tray for cooling down the prepared wax.
- Trivets and gloves.
- Fire extinguisher for added safety.
Materials to make 500 grams of depilatory wax
- 400 grams of Brazilian pine rosin
- 100 grams of filtered bees wax
- 10 grams of GMS*
* GMS is an additive that functions as a release agent. Additives should not exceed 4% of the total product. See the list of optional additives and their properties bellow.
- Weigh the materials and have them ready.
- Place the stainless steel pot on the electric stove and start the heat.
- Add beeswax to the pot and wait until it melts and covers the bottom of the pot.
- Add pine rosin (chunks or flakes).
- Watch the melting process and stir from time to time as needed.
- Add solid additives such as GMS and continue stirring until everything is fully melted and mixed.
- Slow down and turn off the heat as needed in order to prevent or stop boiling and bubbling.
- Let the mixture cool down partially and then add your liquid additives or essential oils while stirring. (If the product is too hot at this moment or if you do not stir the mixture, the essential oils will evaporate instead of being mixed with the wax).
- Pour the molten wax in aluminum trays or silicon molds to cool down. Do not pour more than 1/2 inch high in each aluminum tray so that you can later break them in pieces for storage and melting.
- Allow the wax to cool down and solidify in trays or silicon molds.
|These are all the materials in the
Unlike what is suggested in this recipe we added all materials to the pot before heating. We made sure that GMS and beeswax are touching the bottom of the pot so that they will melt before rosin. They will melt faster because they have a lower melting temperature.
|Heating is started and materials are
partly melted. We continue stirring the mix slowly so that it will not
burn at the bottom and will not boil to create a lot of foam or bubbles.
Lower the heat or temporarily stop the heat if you see signs of boiling or smoking.
|All materials are fully melted and
mixed. We have stopped the heat and waiting for the surface bubbles to
The wax is ready at this time, but it is too hot to be tested.
|Surface bubbles are almost gone. The
wax is complete and we are ready to pour in aluminum trays or silicone
If you want to test the wax on the skin, you must wait some more until the wax solidifies on the walls of the pan.
Hard wax additives:
You may enhance the properties of hard-wax by adding small quantities of additives. Here are some examples.
- Adding Glycerol Monostearate (GMS) to the above formula prevents the wax from sticking to the skin and simplifies the process of removal. It also allows the wax separate from silicon mold or aluminum trays much easier. I recommend 10 grams of GMS in the above formula (that is about 2%). You may reduce this to 1% (5 grams in the above formula) and it will still have a good effect as release agent.
- If you don't have access to GMS, you may substitute that with stearic acid, tallow, or olive oil instead. These materials are not as good as GMS, but adding at least one of them is better than not using them at all.
- Essential oil (such as lavender oil) may be added at a rate of 0.1%. So you may add one gram (about 1 cc or 20 drops) of lavender oil for one kilogram of wax. At this ratio, the above recipe will need 10 drops of lavender oil. Add the oil and stir while the wax is cooled down, but is not solid yet.
Materials used in hardwax recipe are all available online at ChemicalStore.com and can be shipped worldwide or may be picked up in New Jersey. Product codes are as follows:
- BROSIN: Natural Brazilian Gum Rosin
- NBWAXG3: Natural Beeswax, filtered, pellets
- GMS909: Glycerol Monostearate
For special applications and technical support about rosin products please call ChemicalStore.com at (973) 405-6248.